Abaqondisi-mthetho ka-China. Zonke Isitshayina abaqondisi-mthetho kwi-intanethi.


URHULUMENTE UBUNINI kwi-China - Bulgarian-Isitshayina Kwegumbi of Commerce


Nangona urhulumente wenziwe kwaziswa nokuphumeza ukuba ezahlukeneyo amaqondo reforms ostensibly intended ukuvumela kwimakethi inyanzelisa ukuba thatha ingene dlala, urhulumente ubunini ihlala widespread kwaye varied

Ubunini kwi-thengisa mbasa ebalulekileyo (strategic okanye pillar imizi-mveliso) sele traditionally sele agciniwe kuba Isitshayina korhulumente.

Nangona engqongqo yokuba zilawulwe kuba Urhulumente ubunini sele formally sele eased, kukho luhlala eyakhelwe-ngaphakathi bias ngakulo Urhulumente ubunini, njengoko wachaza ngakumbi inkcukacha kwizahluko ezintlanu ne.

Kwi-umahluko, ukwahlula phakathi domestic kwaye langaphandle kubaluleke kakhulu clearer, kunye ethile regimes kwaye izithintelo nokufaka isicelo iinqwelo-invested iinkampani.

China ubani imbali attracting langaphandle iteknoloji yi-ukuvumela langaphandle, utyalo mali kwi-ethile ngamacandelo, kwaye ngoko ke, musa ukuvumela okungaphaya amangeno xa requisite iteknoloji wenziwe transferred kwaye Isitshayina ishishini sele kuba competitive. Ngexesha elinye, amakhonkco phakathi Urhulumente kwaye uqoqosho yiya ngaphaya mere mashishini. I-Isitshayina uqoqosho ngu-ngaphezu kwe-complex elula ukwahlulwa 'private' kwaye 'imeko-owned'. Amaxesha amaninzi, ngasese owned iinkampani kuba vala amakhonkco ukuba urhulumente, ingakumbi ngenxa elicebo ukubaluleka iimveliso zabo. amashumi amabini uwaphinda -enye I-imigca phakathi ezi iinkampani ingaba rhoqo blurred, owenza kube nzima ukuba classify Isitshayina firms ngokunxulumene mashishini. Umzekelo, iinkampani ezininzi ukuze zahlulwa njengoko private ngqo consist ka-mixed ubunini, kwaye esidlangalaleni ezidweliswe iinkampani kwi-China ingaba ngokuqhelekileyo oku uhlobo. Ngexesha elinye, esiqhelekileyo SOEs kuba undergone okanye xa inkqubo corporatization (khangela kanjalo Isahluko se-). Isitshayina inkampani ingqokelela yamanani ingaba ngokusekelwe registration data. Nangona kunjalo, iinkampani ayisayi akuyomfuneko ukuba ibe yindlela ebhalisiweyo kwi-udidi ukuba ubonisa ultimate mashishini. Ngoko ke, ngexesha elithile, iintlobo Urhulumente impembelelo pertain kuphela SOEs, ukuziqhelisa kunye SOEs kwaye inkulu private iinkampani share ezininzi similarities kwi kwiindawo commonly wayecinga ukuba distinguish SOEs ukususela ngasese owned iinkampani: ukufikelela kwimakethi, emveni kokufumana Urhulumente nezibonelelo, proximity ukuba Urhulumente amandla, kwaye uphumezo urhulumente ngu-nkqubo iinjongo. amashumi amabini eneneni, ukususela ukwaziswa 'Ezintathu Umele' Ngumongameli Jiang Zemin ngofebruwari wama, private entrepreneurs zithe yamkela njengoko amalungu CCP, njalo acknowledging kwaye facilitating zabo indima ebalulekileyo ekuncedeni ukusebenzisa Iqela njongo.

amashumi amabini anesithathu Kukho kanjalo iingxelo ukuba urhulumente, ngokusebenzisa yenza 'ekhethekileyo ulawulo izahlulo', pushing eminye yayo likhulu private tech iinkampani ukunikela Urhulumente unesabelo naye kubo kwaye ngqo indima ebalulekileyo corporate izigqibo nineteen Chen, G.

China ke Ilanga PV nemizi-mveliso kunye Nezibonelelo ukususela Imbono Yombuso Capitalism, i-copenhagen Journal of Asian Uphando, p. amashumi amabini uwaphinda-World Bank kwaye Uphuhliso Nophando Umbindi Yombuso Ibhunga, P. R.-China China: Ukwakha isizwe bale mihla, Harmonious, kwaye Creative Society.