Abaqondisi-mthetho ka-China. Zonke Isitshayina abaqondisi-mthetho kwi-intanethi.


Succession ngamandla kuzo Abantu ke Republic of China


I-succession ngamandla kuzo Abantu ke Republic of China (PAPER) iqhubeka kwimeko enye iqela indlelaNangona isiqinisekiso ka-jikelele franchise kumgaqo-siseko, ukuqeshwa kwegosa Nezibalulekileyo Inkokeli lies largely kwi-ezandleni zakhe predecessor kwaye anamandla factions ukuba ulawulo i-Central Ikomiti yebhunga Communist Iqela of China. Ukuqeshwa inkokeli yabo ihlabathi ke, uninzi populous lizwe eyenzeka emva amabini anesihlanu unyaka mimiselo ngokungqinelana nomgaqo-Siseko Abantu ke Republic of China.

Kwixesha elidlulileyo kwaba kunokwenzeka kuba Nezibalulekileyo Inkokeli ukuba wield elililo amandla ngaphandle ubambe na ii-ofisi ephezulu.

Oku kwaba ityala kunye Deng Xiaoping owaye undisputed inkokeli ukusuka ukuba ngaphandle ubambe na ephezulu ofisi iqela state. Ukususela yakhe yomhlala-phantsi, mandla kuba ngaphezulu oluhleliweyo kunye inkokeli ubambe zontathu ka-ngaphambili kukhankanywe ii-ofisi. Ingcamango Nezibalulekileyo Inkokeli kwamiswa ngexesha era ka-Mao Zedong. Indawo waba ngaphezulu emiselwe phantsi Deng Xiaoping, nangona kunjalo ixesha Elizayo Inkokeli alifumanisanga sele officially attributed na ezinye iinkokeli. Ukususela umhlala-phantsi ka-Deng Xiaoping ngo, ezopolitiko amandla China wenziwe ukuba igcine kunye yi-amalungu Politburo Emi Ikomiti yebhunga Communist Iqela of China. I-Unobhala Jikelele ibe eyona njengoko kuchaziwe primus phakathi pares, kuqala phakathi ilingana. Ngenxa yeenkqubo le umzimba ezicingelwa kwimo afihlakeleyo, ngaphakathi workings ka-Politburo asingawo made-wonke. Kucacile, nangona kunjalo, ukuba kwezigqibo ingaba baba consensus asukelwa kwaye ukuba akukho omnye nani unako na ixesha elide umthetho unilaterally njengoko ngemihla Mao Zedong kwaye Deng Xiaoping. Siseko amandla Abantu ke Republic of China ngu eziphethwe i-Central Ikomiti yebhunga Isitshayina Communist Iqela (CCCPC). Nangona eli qela malunga nama-ama amalungu akanalo igunya ngendlela efanayo njengoko a esiqhelekileyo iqumrhu lowiso-mthetho, ibaluleke kakhulu kwaye yabalawuli amagosa enkqubo Isitshayina urhulumente ingaba onke amalungu. Oku umzimba iqela amabini anesihlanu abantu (okwangoku amabini anesithathu abantu ababini abafazi) abaya kulawula Communist Iqela ka-China (CCP). Theoretically, Politburo inyulelwa yi-CCCPC nangona kunjalo, enyanisweni na entsha ilungu Politburo ngu esikhethiweyo nge ngoku amalungu. Politburo amalungu bamba izikhundla kwi-China ke urhulumente wesizwe kwaye jonga izikhundla amandla ngaxeshanye ngaloo ndlela consolidating i-CCP ke amandla. Kwimeko iqhosha mgaqo-nkqubo izigqibo, izihloko ingaba kuhlangatyezwana Politburo apho ke limisela iintshukumo ukuba kuthatyathwa ngumthetho wesizwe wasekuhlaleni. Lo mgaqo-nkqubo icala kuba lonke ilizwe rests kwi-ezandleni ezi amabini anesihlanu abantu abo kuhlangana kunye kanye ngenyanga. Admission kwi Politburo ufumana kunzima kakhulu Ziqinile ulawulo phezu umzimba exercised nge ngoku amalungu abo vet enokwenzeka amalungu ngenyameko ukugcina ungqinelwano ngamandla. Ezilungileyo ezopolitiko budlelwane nabanye ngaphakathi Politburo ingaba sentloko admittance kwi qela. Onke amalungu Politburo bayonyulwa kuba anesihlanu unyaka mimiselo. Amandla ngaphakathi Politburo ngakumbi concentrated kwi-Politburo Emi Ikomiti yebhunga Communist Iqela of China. Eli qela ezisixhenxe amalungu meets kunye weekly kwaye wakhokela yi-Unobhala Jikelele. Unyulo oluphezulu leadership kwi-PAPER yenziwa nge-nkqubo ukuba unako eyona kuba njengoko kuchaziwe i-ngqo unyulo. Kule ndlela, enye kuphela umgqatswa kumi kuba unyulo na onikiweyo indawo. Nangona ezinye candidates azivumelekanga ukuba formally qhuba, ukubhala ngendlela candidates luvumeleke. Ngo, xa National Abantu ke Congress onyulwe ukuba abe Xi Jinping njengoko umongameli, amalungu voted abaxhasayo kwaye omnye ngokuchasene, kunye ezintathu abstentions. Ngokufanayo, kwi- unyulo, Hu Jintao, ngoko-Unobhala Jikelele, Umongameli-Sihlalo we-Central Military Ikhomishini, yaphinda onyulwe ukuba abe yijaji landside. Le amalungu th Wesizwe Abantu ke Congress, kuphela ezintathu voted ngokuchasene Hu Jintao nomnye ezintlanu abstaining. Kwi-isebenziseke mimiselo, i-National Congress inika amaqampu stamp kwi isigqibo oko kukuthi eyenziwe Politburo kwaye Emi Ikomiti. I-transition ka-allen banokuthatha kweenyanga eziliqela Umzekelo, xa Hu Jintao wathabatha phezu amandla ukusuka Jiang Zemin, transition amandla twezekile ngaphandle phantse emva kweminyaka emibini. Zidweliswe ngezantsi kukho imihla kwi apho Hu wonyulwa ukuba ngamnye-ofisi. Idla i-ofisi ka-Sihlalo we-Central Military Ikhomishini le yindlela yokugqibela-ofisi nikezelwa yi-edlulileyo inkokeli, ukuze zikhuseleke impembelelo kwezopolitiko kwaye uqinisekise ukuba ezopolitiko continuity. Ezi zikhundla ukuba iqhosha ofisi ingaba eyona predictor ka-abo elandelayo inkokeli uza kubakho. I-ofisi usekela kamongameli-Sihlalo we-Central Military Ikhomishini (CMC) ebone ngabaprofeti abaninzi njengoko yokugqibela yima phambi ngokuba inkokeli of China.

Ukumiselwa kweli indawo ke crucial ukuba xa Xi Jinping, ngoku Unobhala Jikelele ayiphumelelanga ukufezekisa le-office kwi-th Plenum ngo, abaninzi abaphononongi wacebisa ukuba yena wawa esuka ukuthandwa kwaye bebengayi elandelayo inkokeli PAPER.

Yakhe ultimate idinga ukuba usekela kamongameli-Sihlalo we-CMC wabonwa njengokuba ubungqina ukuba kokuba iqalile okuzisa bakhe amandla kwaye baya ekugqibeleni waphumelela Hu Jintao xa lakhe elithi lixesha ngo- kwiziko th iqela congress. Absent a ngaphaya inkqubo yonyulo, idinga ukuba iqhosha izikhundla kuphela indlela ukuqikelela ixesha elizayo leadership kwi-PAPER. Qaphela kwitheyibhile ngezantsi, indlela ukuba Xi Jinping abalandela ukusuka eliphantsi inqanaba iqela esemthethweni ngalo eli amathathu yakhe ngoku indawo inkokeli lizwe likhulu ehlabathini. Njengoko ixesha elide njengoko Isitshayina urhulumente ihlala secretive malunga ngaphakathi workings ye-Politburo, elidlulileyo ukuziphatha iza kuqhubeka kuba uninzi kakuhle isixhobo kuba predicting elizayo ezi zikhundla. Kule meko, ukuqeshwa umgqatswa ukuba iqhosha ofisi ingu eyona isibonisi zabo elizayo indima. Umzekelo, ukuqeshwa Xi Jinping njengoko usekela kamongameli-sihlalo we-Central Military Ikhomishini le Communist Iqela of China signposted nge amanyathelo afanelekileyo isixa-mali ukukholosa ukuba wayeza kuba elandelayo inkokeli Abantu ke Republic of China.