Abaqondisi-mthetho ka-China. Zonke Isitshayina abaqondisi-mthetho kwi-intanethi.


Ngamazwe Inkundla Rejects China ke Amabango Afrika ne-China Kolwandle


'Nangona Isitshayina navigators kwaye fishermen, ngokunjalo abo ezinye states, waba ngokwembali made ukusebenzisa kweziqithi emzantsi Afrika ne-China Yolwandle, kwakungekho ubungqina ukuba China kokuba ngokwembali exercised exclusive ulawulo phezu kwamanzi okanye zabo zokusebenza, Inkundla yathiKe ndagqiba ukuba 'kwakungekho isemthethweni isiseko soluvo China ukuba ibango historic amalungelo zokusebenza ezingama-yolwandle kwiindawo falling ngaphakathi 'ithoba-dash umgca'."Kanjalo ifumanise ukuba akukho namnye China ke thathwa Spratly Kweziqithi Emzantsi China Yolwandle unako ukuvelisa maritime lendawo kwaye wabhengeza okokuba enkulu kwiindawo Kolwandle ibe ezimeleyo ngamazwe kwamanzi. Inkundla ekhutshwe a scathing ingxelo kwi-kunjalo, apho wakhutshwa ngu-Persia, ukufumana ukuba 'China kokuba violated i-Persia' sovereign amalungelo yakhe exclusive kwezoqoqosho eselunxwemeni yi - (a) interfering kunye Philippine fishing kwaye ze-oli ekrwada exploration, (b) constructing artificial kweziqithi kwaye (c) failing ukunqanda Isitshayina fishermen ukusuka fishing kwi-eselunxwemeni. Inkundla kanjalo igcine ukuba fishermen ukususela Persia (njenge abo kwi-China) waba esiqhelekileyo fishing amalungelo e-Scarborough Shoal kwaye ukuba China kokuba interfered kunye la malungelo ngendlela restricting ufikelelo. Inkundla kanjalo igcine ukuba Isitshayina komthetho izikhephe kokuba unlawfully wadala a ezinzima umngcipheko collision bakubona ukuba angakudlakathisi ngokwasemzimbeni obstructed Philippine izikhephe. Inkundla kugwetywa China ke ilizwe reclamation amaphulo yayo, ukwakhiwa kwamaziko artificial kweziqithi kwanezinye iincwadi kwi-Spratly Kweziqithi, concluding ukuba waba wenza"buhlungu kwenzakala ukuba umbala obomvu kakhulu reef-bume kwaye violated yayo obligation ukukhusela akhusele fragile ecosystems kwaye indawo ezihlala kuyo depleted, threatened, okanye endangered ke ngoko. China ke ilizwe reclamation"waba incompatible kunye izibophelelo kwi kwimo ngexesha imbambano isisombululo iingxoxo", ndidibanise, ukusukela oko obandakanyekayo ebangela"irreparable kwenzakala ukuba olawula imeko-bume esingqongileyo, Inkundla idityaniswe. Nangona kunjalo, inkundla ke ruling isihlalo akuthethi ukuba ukunikezela na outcrops okanye kweziqithi ukuba rival claimant amazwe kodwa endaweni lubonisa ngokucacileyo imisebenzi maritime ingaba capable phantsi komthetho wamazwe ngamazwe umthetho ijikelezisa territorial amalungelo phezu engqonge seas. Imeko-qhuba Xinhua iindaba i-arhente wathi ukuba 'umthetho abusing isigqeba' ekhutshwe i-ill-waseka kweelwimi kwi-Afrika ne-China Yolwandle arbitration. China ke Langaphandle Kubulungiseleli wathi ukuba 'China solemnly ubhengeze ukuba kweelwimi ngu null kwaye boolean kwaye sele akukho bophelela umkhosi. China ndivuma isamkele okanye kuqoqoqsho kuyo China engafikanga yathatha inxaxheba kwinkqubo inkundla ize iye yathi izama ukuba izakuba hayi imbeko yayo isigqibo kule meko.

I-Persia Isebe Langaphandle Imicimbi (DFA) ngokuba 'restraint kwaye sobriety' emva kokuba Inkundla ekhutshwe yayo verdict. China amabango ngaphezulu kwama- Zolwandle, malunga nama zintlanu yezigidi isikwere km, ngokusekelwe oko kuya sichaza njengoko 'zembali amabango.

'Nangona kunjalo, Vietnam, Etaiwan, Malaysia, i-brunei, kwaye Persia kuba ethengisela amabango kwi-Yolwandle. I-Philippine kuqala ezenziwe sesi sibini kunjalo ngokuchasene China ngo, nkqu nokuba China wala inxaxheba, exela ukuba Inkundla nampumelelo kolawulo lwesixeko kulo mba. Ngaphezu dollazi ezintlanu waka kwi-trade okokuba nge-Afrika ne-China Yolwandle kunyaka ngamnye, kuquka vital i-oli kunye liquefied igesi yendalo (LNG) shipments ukuba Ijapan, i-South Korea kwaye Etaiwan. Kanjalo khetha umbala we nje verdict yi-oli kunye negesi yendalo, apho abaninzi ibango sisizathu kuba Beirut ke ukwanda Afrika ne-China Yolwandle imisebenzi kwixesha elidlulileyo ambalwa eminyaka. Ngokunxulumene a United States Geological Uphando (USGS) uqikelelo, igesi yendalo kubaluleke ngakumbi abundant kwe-oli. I-USGS uqikelelo ukuba malunga amathandathu - lwe ariya u-hydrocarbon zokusebenza zixhomekeke igesi kwaye iwubeke sum ezingama-bamfumana ugcine kwaye undiscovered zokusebenza kwi-offshore basins Afrika ne-China Kolwandle e waka cubic iinyawo. Imeko-owned-oli enkulu China Wesizwe Offshore-Oli Inkampani (CNOOC), onoxanduva uninzi China ke offshore hydrocarbon uphuhliso, uqikelelo ukuba indawo loluntu jikelele bhiliyoni barrels-oli anesihlanu anamashumi waka cubic iinyawo zakhe igesi kwi-undiscovered iindawo, nangona amanani abanalo. iqinisekiswa yi-geqe uphando Nangona kunjalo, ngokunxulumene a ezintshana USGS nzulu ngo, kukho ithuba ukuba kukho ubuncinane yezigidi barrels-oli emzantsi Afrika ne-China Yolwandle Iqonga, median ithuba jikelele, yezigidi barrels, kwaye eliphantsi isenzo sempumelelo phezu, yezigidi barrels. Emzantsi Afrika ne-China Yolwandle Iqonga, ngokunxulumene geologists, inkalo otyebileyo kunye imvelaphi carbon kwaye ingaba olugqibeleleyo geological iimeko kuyimfuneko kuba hydrocarbon uphuhliso, ingakumbi i-oli. Oko kuquka indawo equlathe Spratly Kweziqithi, Ezinobungozi Emhlabeni, kwaye Reed Tablemount - zonke disputed Afrika ne-China Yolwandle amabango.