Abaqondisi-mthetho ka-China. Zonke Isitshayina abaqondisi-mthetho kwi-intanethi.


China: Real Ipropati Umthetho Kamasipala Library ka-Congress


Abantu ayikwazi ngasese owakhe ilizwe kwi-China kodwa babe nokuzuza transferrable ilizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo kuba inani leminyaka kuba imali

Okwangoku, ubukhulu elithi kuba engaselunxwemeni ilizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo wanika kuba zokuhlala ngeenjongo ufumana amashumi asixhenxe iminyaka.

Ukongeza, abantu banako ngasese owakhe zokuhlala izindlu kwaye apartments kwi ilizwe ("ekhaya ubunini"), nangona na ilizwe ngomhla apho izakhiwo ingaba situated. Real estate babe sithunyelwe nge-ziyathengiswa, isipho, okanye ezinye isemthethweni kuthetha. Xa real estate ngu transferred, ilizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo ekhaya ubunini ingaba transferred ngaxeshanye. Izithintelo ukuba angenza isicelo unikezelo ka-real estate ziquka prohibiting unikezelo xa ilizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo ingaba reclaimed ngokuthi urhulumente ngokungqinelana nomthetho, okanye xa ipropati alifumanisanga uhleli kakuhle ebhalisiweyo, kwaye iziqinisekiso ubunini abanalo. Zombini engaselunxwemeni ilizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo ekhaya ubunini ingaba ngokulawulwa ubhaliso. Ubhaliso ingaba yenziwa yi-wobulali abasemagunyeni ngomhla okanye ngaphezu khawunti inqanaba iziqinisekiso ingaba ekhutshwe qinisekisa ukuba amalungelo mashishini. Le ngxelo inika ulwazi kwi i-real ipropati umthetho-China Imibuzo kuhlangatyezwana kuquka nokuba abantu kuba ilungelo ngasese owakhe kwaye ngalo real ipropati kwi-China ngokukhethekileyo, nokuba wabucala umntu unako owakhe indlu okanye ilizwe ngomhla apho indlu iphaya kwaye, ukuba kunjalo, nokuba ngaba private umnini unako ngalo okanye ngenye indlela alienate yakhe okanye inzala yakhe kwi-real kwipropati ngaphandle sesihloko. Umgaqo-Siseko we - Abantu ke Republic of China (PAPER okanye China) ubonelela umyalelo wokhuselo abucala ipropati. Inqaku ishumi elinesithathu-Siseko sichaza ukuba"m abemi' ezisemthethweni private ipropati ngu inviolable. Urhulumente, ngokungqinelana nomthetho, kuyakhusela amalungelo abemi ukuba private ipropati kwaye ukuba ilifa layo."Ngoku-Siseko, esibizwa yamkelwa ngowe, wenziwe ya abane kwi.

I- isihlomelo equlethwe kumgaqo-Siseko ke kuqala cacisa ingqwalasela ka"yabucala"uhlobo propati yayo-siseko"inviolability,"nangona phambi utshintsho kumgaqo-Siseko kokuba banikwa umyalelo wokhuselo kuba"ilungelo abemi ukuba eyakho lawfully earned ingeniso, savings, izindlu kunye nezinye ezisemthethweni ipropati."PAPER Ipropati Amalungelo Umthetho (Wacquant Fa, kanjalo iguqulelwe njengoko Umthetho kwi Amalungelo kwi-Rem) waba kuqala ube wenziwe Ngomatshi, oku kulandelayo-mthetho debates ukuba kokuba ithathe kuba phezu-decade.

Ngobuchule ukususela ngo-oktobha, oku ngenkxaso umthetho kwi kwipropati kunye nineteen izahluko kwaye amanqaku amise-sikhokelo impahla amalungelo umyalelo wokhuselo, kuquka ukukhuselwa kuba movable ipropati kwaye real estate (bengagungqi property). Umthetho iidilesi ukusekwa, alteration, ukugqithisa, kwaye elimination of property-enxulumene ubunini amalungelo, kwaye ubhaliso kwaye kweenkonzo movable kwaye real ipropati amalungelo. Ngokunxulumene Nempahla Amalungelo Umthetho, ukusekwa, alteration, ukugqithisa, kwaye elimination of real ipropati amalungelo kufuneka ebhalisiweyo, ngaphandle kokuba kuchazwe ngumthetho. Imeko-owned zendalo ingaba exempt ukusuka ubhaliso Ukongeza kwi-Ipropati Amalungelo Umthetho, China regulates real ipropati ngokusebenzisa uthotho ezinye nemithetho nemiqathango, kuquka PAPER Umthetho kwi Ilizwe Ulawulo, Ilizwe Ubhaliso Amanyathelo, Interim Imigaqo Malunga Ukunikezelwa kwaye Unikezelo ka-Ilungelo Ukusebenzisa Imo-Kumhlaba karhulumente basezidolophini (Ulwabiwo Imithetho), kwaye PAPER Umthetho kwi Yolawulo Engaselunxwemeni Lokwenene Ilifa (Engaselunxwemeni Real Estate Umthetho). Phakathi kwezi nemithetho nemiqathango, ubukho buka-Imigaqo kwaye Engaselunxwemeni Real Estate Umthetho ngokukodwa ukulawula ilizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo kwaye umnini kwipropati yokuhlala basezidolophini.

Engaselunxwemeni zokuhlala ilizwe ingaba usoloko uhleli regulated ngokwahlukileyo kwi zokuhlala ilizwe kwiindawo ezisemaphandleni, esingekhoyo lixoxiwe kule ngxelo.

Ubukho buka-Imigaqo baba promulgated ngowe- ngokuthi Urhulumente Ibhunga, apho regulates ubukho buka kwaye unikezelo umhlaba-sebenzisa amalungelo basezidolophini. I-Engaselunxwemeni Real Estate Umthetho, esibizwa ube wenziwe kwi-agasti, iidilesi ngemiba real ipropati basezidolophini, kuquka unikezelo umhlaba-sebenzisa amalungelo, real estate uphuhliso, ukuthengisa real estate, real estate ubhaliso. Ngokomthetho-Siseko kwaye ilizwe imithetho, Isitshayina abantu ayikwazi ngasese owakhe ilizwe kwaye zendalo. Umgaqo-Siseko sichaza ukuba ilizwe basezidolophini kufuneka ekarhulumente, njengoko ilizwe kwiindawo ezisemaphandleni kwaye suburban kwiindawo kufuneka umnini - urhulumente okanye ngomoya wobulali collectives. Abantu banako, nakuba kunjalo, ufumane ilungelo lokusebenzisa umhlaba ukusuka urhulumente. Ilizwe-sebenzisa ilungelo phantsi Ipropati Amalungelo Mthetho"usufructuary ekunene"evumela ilungelo-holder, usufructuary, ngokusemthethweni endinako, sebenzisa, kwaye kuxhamla ipropati umnini omnye.

Basezidolophini, urhulumente unika okanye allocates ilizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo ilizwe abasebenzisi.

Sukela ilizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo, ilizwe abasebenzisi ahlawule urhulumente ngokumnika imirhumo ethile inani leminyaka. Urhulumente Ibhunga ngu wagunyazisa ngumthetho ukuba ziqulunqe ubukhulu amathuba apho ilizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo babe kunikelwa. Ilizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo kanjalo zinokuba esifunyenweyo kuba abanjalo iinjongo njengoko urhulumente okanye military sebenzisa, kwaye engaselunxwemeni zophuhliso okanye uluntu noku sebenzisa, apho ilizwe abasebenzisi ahlawule akukho imali okanye kuphela imbuyekezo okanye resettlement ezingahlawulwayo. Kukho ngokuqhelekileyo akukho kwezixhobo zokusebenza kwi-ubude bexesha apho ilizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo unako kwabelwa. Phantsi ngoku imigaqo emiselwe ngumthetho Urhulumente Ibhunga, ilizwe babe kusetyenziswa kuba zokuhlala iinjongo kuba phezulu asixhenxe iminyaka kuba mveliso ngeenjongo kuba amahlanu eminyaka kuba imfundo, science, inkcubeko, public health, kwaye imizimba imfundo ngeenjongo kuba amahlanu eminyaka kwaye kuba ushishino, tourist, kwaye recreational ngeenjongo kuba amane eminyaka. Ngokunxulumene Ipropati Amalungelo Umthetho, xa igama kuba ilungelo lokusebenzisa umhlaba kuba zokuhlala ngeenjongo layo, igama liya kuba ngokuzenzekelayo ukuvuselelwa. Umthetho akusebenzi ndiyicacise, nangona kunjalo, nokuba urhulumente ingaba kwentlawulo omnye ngokumnika imali ngexesha zokuhlaziya okanye indlela imali ingaba kubonelelwa. Abantu banako ngasese owakhe real estate, kuquka izindlu zokuhlala kwaye apartments (oko kukuthi, izakhiwo kunye zesixeko kwi ilizwe), nangona na ilizwe ngomhla apho izindlu kwaye apartments ingaba situated.

Inqaku -Propati Amalungelo Umthetho umisela ukuba"abantu anelungelo bonwabele umnini enjalo bengagungqi kwaye movable iimpahla njengoko zabo ezisemthethweni imivuzo, izindlu, amanqaku kuba yonke imihla sebenzisa, izixhobo zokulima, kwaye ekrwada mathiriyali."Ukunikezelwa Imigaqo anike loo mhlaba abasebenzisi atshintshele ilizwe labo-sebenzisa amalungelo abanye ngokusebenzisa ziyathengiswa, exchange, okanye isipho.

Ngokongezelelweyo, Engaselunxwemeni Real Estate Umthetho umisela ukuba real estate babe sithunyelwe, mortgaged, okanye leased. Real estate ngu transferred yi-ziyathengiswa, isipho, okanye ezinye isemthethweni kuthetha. Xa real estate ngu transferred, ilizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo ekhaya ubunini ingaba transferred ngaxeshanye. Izithintelo kwi ukuthengisa real ingaba ipropati emiselwe ngumthetho. Umzekelo, ukuba unikezelo belizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo ngu priced substantially ngaphantsi kwe-yentengiso ixabiso, urhulumente ingaba preemptive ilungelo ukuthenga amalungelo. I-Engaselunxwemeni Real Estate Umthetho uchaza kwiimeko phantsi apho unikezelo ka-real ipropati ngu prohibited, kuquka xa Nayo kukunceda kakhulu noting ukuba transferring real estate, kuquka umhlaba-sebenzisa amalungelo ekhaya ubunini, umnini omtsha uzuza ilizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo kuphela kuba ixesha no yoqobo yabelwe elithi uthabathe inani ezayo yoqobo umnini sele isetyenziswa ilizwe. Nangona Ipropati Amalungelo Umthetho ubonelela uhlaziyo oluzenzekelayo ixesha amalungelo okusebenzisa ilizwe ngenxa yokuhlala ngeenjongo, ezifana afanelekileyo imiba njengoko isixa-mali omtsha ngokumnika imali, ukuba ikhona, kwaye inkqubo kuba zokuhlaziya bahlala unclear. Uphawu Amalungelo Umthetho umisela ukuba ubhaliso real ipropati kufuneka ibe yenziwa yi-ubhaliso-mandla kwi-ndawo apho ipropati ukhoyo. Ukuba abe kwindawo ethile, Engaselunxwemeni Real Estate Umthetho umisela ukuba ilizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo kufuneka ebhalisiweyo kunye wasekuhlaleni ilizwe abasemagunyeni ngomhla okanye ngaphezu khawunti umphakamo, oya kukhupha isiqinisekiso umhlaba-sebenzisa amalungelo enze la malungelo. Ekhaya mashishini kufuneka ebhalisiweyo kunye wasekuhlaleni izindlu abasemagunyeni ngomhla okanye ngaphezu khawunti umphakamo, oya kukhupha isiqinisekiso ka-ekhaya ubunini ukuba enze ubumnini. Xa real ipropati ngu transferred, kobunini kufuneka ebhalisiweyo kunye izindlu abasemagunyeni xa iziqinisekiso ka-ekhaya ubunini ngu kancinane, i-kuguqulwa belizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo kufuneka ebhalisiweyo kunye ilizwe abasemagunyeni, ngubani na umba omtsha okanye kancinane isiqinisekiso ilizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo. Oorhulumente bamaphondo ingayalela enye i-arhente ngaphakathi wasekuhlaleni ngomhla okanye ngaphezu khawunti inqanaba ukuze yenze imisebenzi ubhaliso kunye ilizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo ekhaya ubunini, kwaye ukuba i-arhente wanga ke kukhutshwe i-real estate isiqinisekiso besomeleza kunye ilizwe-sebenzisa amalungelo ekhaya mashishini. Ngomatshi, Provisional Imigaqo kwi-Real Estate Ubhaliso sangena ukusebenza, apho injongo ukuseka i nationwide real estate ubhaliso indlela. Ngokunxulumene entsha Imigaqo, Kubulungiseleli Umhlaba kunye Noovimba uza kukhokela kwaye supervise i-real estate ubhaliso indlela nationwide wobulali oorhulumente ngexesha kwaye ngaphezu khawunti inqanaba uza designate real estate registries kwi-bazo imida. Efanayo ifomati ye-deed ka-isihloko iya kuba yamkelwa nationwide.